Stroke, also known as cerebrovascular accident, occurs when a blood vessel that transports nutrients and oxygen to the brain is either obstructed by a blood clot or ruptures.
The cause of stroke is dependent to its type. According to Mayo Clinic, stroke has two types – ischemic and hemorrhagic. Ischemic stroke comprises 85 percent of strokes. It happens when the brain arteries become narrow or obstructed. As a result, blood flow will be reduced in tissues. On the other hand, hemorrhagic stroke happens when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures or leaks. Usual causes are conditions that involve the blood vessels, such as overtreatment with anticoagulants, uncontrolled high blood pressure or hypertension, or weak spots in the blood vessel walls or aneurysms.
Stroke stands as the leading cause if serious long-term disability, as per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or CDC. As per the publication, the condition is the cause of mortality of almost 130,000 Americans every year, which means one for every 20 mortality cases. Also, over 795,000 people in the United States suffer from stroke every year, with 610,000 as the number of initial or new stroke cases. In terms of type, 87 percent of all strokes are ischemic in nature, which means blood flow to the brain is obstructed. Research found that the risk for stroke declines in Hispanics while Alaska Natives, American Indians, and blacks are more inclined to have the condition, among the groups. While the chances of developing stroke are higher in older people, 34 percent of hospitalized people can have it due to stroke where less than 65 years old.
Signs and Symptoms
Since stroke involves the brain, it presents a number of symptoms. However, the stroke signs that require immediate attention include face drooping, arm weakness, and speech difficulty, as per the American Stroke Association. Other signs and symptoms include sudden numbness of the face, arm, or leg, difficulty in speaking or understanding speech, sudden confusion, trouble seeing, sudden trouble walking, loss of balance, and sudden severe headache.
While stroke involves medications in the treatment goal, home remedies can also be done to manage the condition.
Ischemia of tissues and rupture of blood vessels are the causes of stroke and blood pressure is a vital factor that contributes to the condition. As per Vkool, a person may regain his health levels by changing his healthy eating habits. A case in point is avoiding foods that are high in cholesterol, saturated fat, and sodium, as they promote narrowing of blood vessels and increase of the blood pressure. Diet soda is also associated to higher risk of developing stroke.
Massage is another remedy for stroke. Since ischemia is one of the causes, massage helps improve blood circulation to the body organs and tissues, which include the brain and the muscles. According to Patch, it also reduces blood pressure, relieve depression, and advertise leisure. As per the publication, it helps decrease the amount of depression and anxiety they have due to the limitations they face when they perform the activities of daily living.
Dealing with Paralysis
Weakness and paralysis are both symptoms of stroke. However, those should be dealt with for optimum level of function. As per Web MD, the person may use a walker or a cane to help prevent falls, devices like buttonhooks, sock aids, and reachers may be used in dressing. Also, the affected side should not be neglected; passive range-of-motion exercises can be performed. Since the mouth and urinary bladder are weak, feeding slowly and the use of a diaper are interventions.
Stroke is a challenging medical condition. Along with the aforementioned home remedies, it is best to seek medical consult for proper assessment, planning, and implementation of interventions.