Cholera is one of the usual gastrointestinal diseases in humans. With Vibrio cholerae as the causative agent, it involves infection of the small intestine and it is associated with the consumption of contaminated food and water. With its presenting symptoms, cholera restricts a person’s activities of daily living. The following are the causes, signs, symptoms, and home remedies for cholera.
Cholera is caused by ingestion of food or water that has been contaminated with human waste, as per Medical News Today. As per the publication, the aforementioned is related to poor hygiene and food sanitation. To add, the disease also may also result from eating seafood that is raw or not cooked thoroughly. Examples are crabs and oysters. Moreover, areas with limited water resources like refugee camps are prone to have cholera and one person infected with the disease can contaminate water other people drink.
Signs and Symptoms
Cholera presents a number of signs and symptoms. According to Mayo Clinic, these include diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, and dehydration. As per the publication, people who are infected with cholera present rice-water stools or pale and milky stools, which resemble water in which rice has been rinsed. Then, he may also feel like he is to vomit and if he does, it may be for several hours. With the combined loss of fluids due to diarrhea and vomiting, dehydration is a common symptom seen in people with cholera. Muscle cramps also also evident due to loss of the mineral potassium in the process while shock results from the reduction of body fluid volume secondary to diarrhea and dehydration. In children, altered consciousness, seizures, and coma are common.
Cholera treatment usually involves fluid volume replacement in the hospital, antibiotics, and zinc supplements; however, home remedies can be done to manage the condition.
Water and Oral Rehydration Solution and (ORS)
A person with cholera has to increase his oral fluid intake, which includes water and oral rehydration solution. This is essential to combat fluid loss from diarrhea, dehydration, and loss of electrolytes, as well as prevent the complication – hypovolemic shock. As per Top 10 Home Remedies, the person can drink bottled water or water purified with iodine or chlorine. The water should be boiled to ensure decontamination and prevention of other infections.
Oral rehydration solution prevents dehydration and allows restoration of lost fluids and salts, which reduce the symptoms of the disease and promote recuperation. To prepare, the person mixes half small spoon of salt and six mall spoons of sugar in one liter or four cups of clean water. Then, the resulting solution is consumed as many times as possible until the symptoms resolve.
Lemon and Guava
Lemon and guava are two fruits that may serve as remedy for cholera. According to Home Remedies for You, lemon is capable of reducing the amount of Vibrio cholerae in the digestive tract. As per the publication, the person may add sugar or salt to adjust the sour taste. Then, guava root bark and boiled water can be prepared as a decoction, which is consumed twice a day to resolve cholera symptoms.
Bitter Gourd and Onion
The combination of bitter gourd and onion is another remedy for cholera. According to Natural Home Remedies, the mixture is consumed two times a day during the early phases of the disease. As per the publication, they can be taken alone, but the person may add two teaspoon of white onion juice.
Cholera is an infectious disease marked by watery diarrhea, which may put a person at risk of dehydration, if untreated. Along with interference in the activities of daily living, water loss from diarrhea may lead to a more life-threatening condition like hypovolemic shock. Thus, it is best to consult a physician for proper assessment, diagnosis