Gout is a kind of arthritis. It is characterized by recurrent symptoms, which include redness, tenderness, warmth, and swelling of a join. It is primarily due to high uric acid levels in the blood. The acids become crystals which are deposited in joints, tendons and surrounding tissues.
Gout is mainly caused by an excess of uric acid in the blood or hyperuricemia. As per Medical News Today, the causes include age and gender, genetics of family history, lifestyle choices like alcohol consumption, lead exposure, medications like diuretics and drugs that contain salicylate, being overweight, kidney problems, hypertension or high blood pressure, diabetes, and hypothyroidism.
According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the prevalence of gout among the adults in the United States in 2007 to 2008 was 3.9 percent. Then, the prevalence of gout among males was 5.9 percent while the prevalence for women was 2 percent. To add, the prevalence of gout heightened over the past 20 years by an approximation of 1.2 percentage. In terms of race, gout was twice more common than it white men, with the cumulative incidence of gout landed at 10.9 percent among black men while 5.8 percent among white men.
Signs and Symptoms
Gout presents a number of signs and symptoms. According to Web MD, the symptoms include pain, warmth, swelling, and tenderness in a joint. As per the publication, the symptoms are called podagra. It usually starts at night and it worsens quickly. Other symptoms include red or purplish skin, peeling and itching of the skin, and limited movement in the affected joint.
While medications are available as treatment for gout, home remedies can also be prepared to manage the condition.
Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar or acv is one of the remedies for gout. According to Top 10 Home Remedies, the vinegar is used as treatment for headaches and acid stomach. Its acidic properties act as analgesic, relieving acute pain. As per the publication, a teaspoon of raw and unfiltered apple cider vinegar is added to a glass of water. Then, it is consumed two to three times a day. Honey can also be added to the mixture to increase the body’s anti-inflammatory response. Also, the amount of the vinegar can be increased to up to two tablespoons for best results.
Another home remedy for gout is baking soda. According to Natural Society, baking soda also helps relieve pain in gout, although it may take one to two days. As per the publication, half teaspoon of baking soda is mixed in eight ounces of water and the mixture is consumed in one sitting. The procedure is done few times a day, as much as a total of three teaspoons. Then, the dose is reduced as the pain subsides. As per the publication, the maximum suggested dose is four teaspoons and caution should be observed if the person suffers from high blood pressure, since baking soda may elevate blood pressure if consumed in large volume.
Fish oil can also help manage gout. According to Dr. Axe’s official website, fish oil contains omega-3 fatty acids, which have anti-inflammatory propertis in the body. To add, fish oil has been proven to be an efficient answer for arthritis, not to mention that gout is a form of arthritis. Along with gout, cardiovascular diseases can also be prevented by omaga-3 fatty acids, which can be found in salmon, trout, and tuna.
Gout does not have the same severity as tuberculosis; however, it has to be managed to prevent any complications. Also, medical consult is vital for proper assessment, planning, and implementation.