An anal fistula refers to a small channel that can form between the distal or end part of the bowel and the skin proximal neat to the anal area. It may result to bleeding and discharge while defecating or passing stools and this may bring discomfort to a person. Also, it may be due to surgery to drain the anal abscess. The following are the causes, signs and symptoms, and home remedies for anal fistula.
According to News Medical, anal abscess stands as the most usual cause of an anal fistula. But then, other potential causes include intestinal inflammatory disease, sexually transmitted infection, trauma, tumors like leukemia, tuberculosis, anorectal cancer, and human immunodeficiency virus or HIV, which is linked with anal abscess and fistulas in about one-third of the patients.
Signs and Symptoms
Anal fistula presents a number of symptoms. According to My Cleveland Clinic, these include recurrent anal abscess, pain and swelling around the area, pain upon defecation, bleeding in the anus, bloody or foul-smelling drainage or pus from an opening around the anus, skin irritation around the area due to persistence of drainage, fever, chills, and fatigue. As per the publication, the person should notify his physician should he notice any of the aforementioned symptoms.
While pain medications may be prescribed for anal fistula to increase the person’s comfort; however, home remedies can also be done to help manage the condition.
Nutrition plays a key role in anal fistula management. According to Healthy Women, the condition can be managed with high fiber diet. As per the publication, this kind of diet boosts the amount of stools in the gastrointestinal tract, mainly in the intestines. In this regard, excellent sources of fiber include green pepper, onion, tomato, reddish, carrot, spinach, cauliflower, broccoli, pear, apple, papaya, orange, banana, barley, brown bread, and brown rice. Also, the person should avoid very hot and spicy food choices and he should drink plenty of water. It is added that eating food which is prepared from flour and high amounts of spices, oil, and sugar is dangerous to health.
Ginger tea also serves as a remedy for anal fistula. According to Home Remedies Blog, ginger is an Ayurvedic herb, which can sooth the stomach and improve a person’s mood. This way, ginger is also capable of alleviating pain and reducing muscle stiffness. To add, ginger tea also has the power to manage various ailments, such as stomach flu, nausea and vomiting, constipation, as well as weakened immune system.
Another remedy for anal fistula is sitz bath. According to Planet Ayurveda, the bath should be tried, as doctors also recommend it. In the procedure, the person’s buttocks are submerged in warm water for up to almost 30 minutes. The warm application helps reduce pain and the anal fistula symptoms. As per the publication, analgesic oils can also be added to help manage the symptoms.,
Causticum also aids in the management of anal fistula. According to Dr. Homeo, it is listed as one of the homeopathic remedies for the condition. It is given to patients who are suffering from itching, soreness, and burning pain in both the rectal and anal areas.
Anal fistula is a tiny channel that forms between the end of the bowel and the skin near the anal area and since it is a deviation in the health of the anal area, it may cause discomfort to a person and affect his activities of daily living. Thus, it is best to refer the condition to an expert for adequate assessment, planning, intervention, education, and evaluation.