Eczema, also known as dermatitis, refers to a set of diseases that lead to skin inflammation, which is best characterized by red skin, rashes, and itchiness. As a group of skin conditions, eczema includes stasis dermatitis, irritant contact dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, and atopic dermatitis. While the exact root of the condition remains vague, allergy, irritation, and poor venous return are three of the presumed causes of the skin disorder.
According to Karger, atopic dermatitis affects up to one-fifth or 20 percent of children in some countries and up to three percent of adults. As per the publication, the figure continues to rise, affecting both the developed and underdeveloped territories. Data from the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood or ISAAC also revealed that the prevalence of the skin disorder ranged from 0.9 percent in India to 22.5 percent in Ecuador for the age group six to seven years old. For the 13 to 14 years old age group, data revealed prevalence values ranging from 0.2 percent in China to 24.6 percent in Columbia. More than 15 percent was seen in four out of nine territories, which include Africa, Europe, Latin America, and Oceana.
Signs and Symptoms
Eczema presents a number of signs and symptoms. According to Emedicine Health, the initial symptom of the skin disorder is intense pruritus or itching, which is followed by red and bumped rashes. As per the publication, they may give a burning sensation, especially in thick skin layers like the eyelids. Also, scratching the rashes may result to oozing and crusting and prolong rubbing leads to thickened plaques of skin.
The said rash can be found anywhere on the body in both older children and adults, but it is usually seen on the neck, the flexures of the arms, and flexures of the legs. The skin behind the ear may be affected, but not usually the outer ear. Moreover, the scalp is rarely affected by the condition.
Eczema can be managed by various home remedies. According to Best Health Magazine, milk is one of the remedies for the skin disorder. As per the publication, the person may soak a washcloth in ice-cold milk and put the cloth onto the itchy area. The procedure is done multiple times daily, as needed. Calamine lotion can also be applied for an oozing rash, as it can help with the itching and can also dry out the rash. Also, ground oatmeal floats suspended in water as colloidal bath can be done to sooth itchy skin.
Jojoba oil is another alternative for eczema remedy. According to Everyday Roots, jojoba is a liquid wax which deeply penetrates the skin, since its molecular composition is similar to that of the skin’s natural oil or sebum. In terms of structure, jojoba is made up of long chain fatty acids and fatty alcohols. These components do not dry the skin, instead they are rich and moisturizing. As per the publication, the person applies the oil to the affected area and massages it into the skin. Jajaba oil is applied thrice a day or as needed.
Another remedy for eczema is Fermented Cod Liver Oil (FCLO). According to Wellness Mama, Weston A. Price Foundation recommends FCLO, since it is a notable fat source for the body. It also helps re-mineralize teeth; thus, it also prevents tooth decay. In addition, it contains vitamins A, D, E, and K, which play a role in vision, bone and skin health, and blood clotting.
Overall, eczema may not be as serious as chronic diseases like asthma, heart diseases, and cancer, but it still needs medical consult from a health professional for proper assessment, diagnosis, planning, intervention, and evaluation.